Insights into deep structure and evolution of Alaska based on a decade of observations of shear wave splitting and mantle flow
University of Alaska, Fairbanks
xiv, 197 p., Illus., Maps
This thesis covers shear wave splitting results from a decade of temporary networks deployed throughout Alaska. The analysis and interpretation of data from the MOOS (Multidiscipline Observations Of Subduction) and ARCTIC (Alaska Receiving Cross Transect for the Inner Core) PASSCAL (Program for Array Seismic Studies of the Continental Lithosphere) deployments, combined with the previously published BEAAR (Broadband Experiment Across the Alaska Range) results provide anisotropy and flow observations across the state. In south central Alaska, a region dominated by the subduction of the Pacific plate under the North American plate, fast directions are dominantly in the direction of convergence (NNW-SSE), or trench-normal. This is either due to entrained flow below the subducting portion of the Yakutat block, or anisotropy within the block itself. Farther north above the mantle wedge the shear wave splitting results are dominated by fast directions along the strike of the subducting slab (NE-SW), due to along strike flow within the mantle wedge. North of the mantle wedge, fast directions transition into a more NNE to SSW orientation which is the Brooks Range and North slope are in the direction of absolute plate motion.
Minerals Data and Information Rescue in Alaska (MDIRA)